Tuesday, November 29, 2022



Ø  On the second Sunday of Advent a new character is introduced to us, it is John the Baptist

Ø  Who is John? “A voice cries in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord, make straight his paths  

Ø   John  is that voice that cries out in the wilderness. There are many kinds of deserts, John preaches in the geographic desert, but especially in the desert of human hearts.

Ø  Let’s see what message today’s readings bring

Ø  Last week the readings spoke of an end, today the readings invite us to look with hope towards the future

FIRST READING  -Is 11: 1-10 

·         Chapter 11 of Isaiah has two oracles joined by the reference to the stump and root of Jesse. Today we will read the first Oracle which has a very attractive beauty.  

·         It begins saying “on that day” we do not know the date of that day 

·         What will happen on that day? Something very encouraging, a bud , a  branch  on the stump of Jesse.   

·         Why, is that encouraging? From the family of Jesse, the family of David, we can see a new stem   sprouting up.

·         From this stem that seemed dry, like it happens so many times in nature, from this dry stem life springs again.   We thought that it did not exist anymore. Is it not this, that is happening in our society and above all in our beloved church? Let us look with eyes of faith and we will see probably that something new is already being born around us

·         The Spirit of the Lord in his many manifestations   rests upon  this stem.

·         He has the gifts of wisdom, understanding, counsel and fortitude, gifts that the kings need to govern and the judges to judge with justice.  

·         He will not judge by appearance, nor by hearsay shall he decide, but according to  the truth.   

·         He will protect or do justice to the helpless, symbolized in the widow and the orphan who were the poorest members of the people.  

·         The prophet says that this stem will wound the violent and the wicked.   I think that he wants to say that his just and peaceful words and acts defeat the proud and in some way He will make them understand that conversion is the true way.   

·         After that, the prophet describes or paints a society and a creation wholly exempt of violence and having a life that seems too good to be true.  However, these images give a description of the Kingdom that God offers to us, where there will be no divisions only peace and harmony.    

 RESPONSORIA PSALML: Sal 71: 1-2. 7-8. 12-13. 17

R. (cf. 7)  Justice shall flourish in his time, and fullness of peace for ever.
O God, with your judgment endow the king,
and with your justice, the king's son;
he shall govern your people with justice
and your afflicted ones with judgment.
Justice shall flourish in his time, and fullness of peace for ever.
Justice shall flower in his days,
and profound peace, till the moon be no more.
May he rule from sea to sea,
and from the River to the ends of the earth.
Justice shall flourish in his time, and fullness of peace for ever.
For he shall rescue the poor when he cries out,
and the afflicted when he has no one to help him.
He shall have pity for the lowly and the poor;
the lives of the poor he shall save.
Justice shall flourish in his time, and fullness of peace for ever.
May his name be blessed forever;
as long as the sun his name shall remain.
In him shall all the tribes of the earth be blessed;
all the nations shall proclaim his happiness.
Justice shall flourish in his time, and fullness of peace for ever. 

ü This is a beautiful psalm; it is a prayer for the king.   

ü It describes what the first reading says: peace, justice, righteousness… It is a prayer for those who govern us so that we may live in peace, fraternity, and happiness.  

ü I have asked myself many times, do we pray for our leaders? As disciples of Jesus we know that those who govern us are our brothers and sisters. Prayer i sour duty since we are all children of the same Father, God.  This prayer is also beneficial to us. Let us pray so that our political, social and religious leaders truly encounter the Lord and open their hearts to Him.   

SECOND READING  -Rom 15: 4-9

v  Paul says that everything that has been written in the sacred books, that is the Old Testament, has been written for us, so that we may keep our hope.   

v  The second paragraph is a prayer an invitation to praise God with one mind and one voice. 

v  Is this the way we pray, or on the contrary our hearts are divided, separated, full of resentment toward our brothers and sisters?   

v  Paul invites us to welcome each other, as He, the Lord, has welcomed all of us, and he has put himself to the service of the Jewish people, thus fulfilling the promises.  

v  If we could live in this way, accepting and loving each other as we are, if we were always welcoming and willing to serve whoever requests a service from us, those who do not believe would discover Jesus the Lord, the Creator, the Redeemer.

GOSPEL Mt 3: 1-12

*      Today the evangelist Matthew introduces to us the person of John the Baptist and describes some facets of John.   

*      John is a prophet in the style of Elijah, who we encounter in the book of Samuel.   

*      John is strong, he announces punishment for those who do not want to abandon their evil ways.  

*      He looks impressive, clothed with a cloth made of camel skin and his nourishment is from what he finds in the desert.   

*      His voice is loud and threatening. He is not afraid or at least, does not make it seen, since he confronts the religious authorities of his people to denounce their works and their hypocrisy.     

*      He invites to prepare the way for the Lord. It is not a physical way, it is the way to the human heart; yes, we need to prepare our heart, each one or us knows what our heart needs to welcome the Lord.    

*      We must make the crooked ways straight, fill up what is empty and lower what is too high, so that the way may really be smooth, and our heart be a place of peace, welcoming and humility 

*      John announces that the one that comes after him will baptize in Spirit and fire.   




The words I spoke to the people were for all the peoples that had been since then, are today and will be tomorrow because in me there is neither past nor future, because everything is present to me, and speaking to those few men I was speaking to all, and what I said to them I said to each one of the Christians in particular, those that have been, those that are and those that will be until the day of the Last Judgment. Of the words I addressed to the Apostles, some were for the people, and others were for themselves;  those that were for the people contained the whole Law  that they had to teach preaching to every creature in the whole world[1] until the Last Judgment without distinction of times and places because I bore in mind  all the times and places   (From the  Diario of María Antonia París, 35)

What is lacking then, my Mother? Would you perhaps avail yourself of some instrument with which to remedy so great an evil? Here is one who however vile and contemptible he knows himself to be, is yet assured that he will serve the better for this end, since your power will shine forth all the brighter, and all will see that it is you who are at work, not I. Come now, loving Mother, let us lose no time. Here I am: dispose of me as you will, for you know that I am wholly yours. I trust that you will do this out of your great kindness, pity, and mercy, and I ask you this through the love you bear for the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen. (From the Autobiography of St. Anthony Mary Claret ,  156.)



[1] Mk 16:15

Tuesday, November 22, 2022



§  We are beginning the liturgical time of Advent that marks the beginning of a new liturgical year.

§  This year is called year A or cycle A. 

§  We will spend the whole year in company of the evangelist Matthew, and see Jesus through Matthew’s eyes, since each Gospel is a different way to look at Jesus, according to the different evangelists. 

§  Through his eyes, we will see the great and small moments of Jesus ‘life: his incarnation and birth, his temptations, his proclamation of the Kingdom, his difficult moments of suffering that will lead him to the cross. His happy moments, his triumphs, his resurrection, his glorification.  

§  Let us allow our hearts to open, without resistance, to what Matthew has to tell us about Jesus. We will be happy to discover other aspects of who Jesus is.  

§  According to the tradition of the Church Matthew is the tax collector Levi, who followed the invitation of Jesus “follow me”. However, many scholars think that he cannot be and offer their reasons. 

§  In ancient times when someone wanted his work to be accepted, they signed with the name of a famous person.  


Ø  This passage is taken from the book of the First Isaiah[1]  

Ø  Isaiah, the prophet, son of Amos tells us about his vision.   

Ø  It is a vision which opens a wide horizon to our faith, our hope, and our love.    

Ø  In this vision the two nations, which until the time of Solomon were only one nation, that was  divided due to envy and evil ambitions, is in the vision one only people. They are united again since the message of the vision is for both nations. 

Ø  It says that in future times the mount of the house of the Lord will be raised above the nations 

Ø  What is this mountain of the house of the Lord?    

Ø  It is Mount Zion[2]  outside the city of Jerusalem, the city of the great King, the city-house of the Lord.    

Ø  When they see it, the nations will go toward it, the Mount of the House of the Lord. 

Ø  People from different countries will come to be instructed by the Lord.  

Ø  The last paragraph speaks of peace, it describes an idyllic image of peace. The warriors are not warriors anymore since they have transformed their spears and swords, their weapons,   instruments of war,  into instruments of peace, of farming.  Nobody will be trained for war, now we would say, no country will spend money inventing and manufacturing instruments of death.   

Ø  There is a final invitation “Let us go to the House of the Lord.”     

RESPONSORIAL PSALM : 121: 1-2. 4-5. 6-7. 8-9 

R. Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.
I rejoiced because they said to me,
"We will go up to the house of the LORD."
And now we have set foot
within your gates, O Jerusalem.
R. Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.
Jerusalem, built as a city
with compact unity.
To it the tribes go up,
the tribes of the LORD.
R. Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.
According to the decree for Israel,
to give thanks to the name of the LORD.
In it are set up judgment seats,
seats for the house of David.
R. Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem!
May those who love you prosper!
May peace be within your walls,
prosperity in your buildings.
R. Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.
Because of my brothers and friends
I will say, "Peace be within you!"
Because of the house of the LORD, our God,
I will pray for your good.
Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord. 

v   The author begins saying the joy he experiences to be before the doors of Jerusalem and recalls how he was invited to go up to the holy city.  

v  All the tribes and individual persons had come to fulfill the precept.  

v  Now they wish peace to Jerusalem, they wish it and pray for it.  

v  Afterwards he asks it for all. Let us wish and ask for peace.  

v  First, may each one of us be an agent of peace wherever we go, let us pray the Lord to grant it to us.   There will only be universal peace if there is peace in every heart.   

v  The whole psalm is an invitation to joy and peace.  

SECOND READING[3] – Rom 13:11-14ª

Paul makes us two invitations:   

o   One is to look at, and meditate on the time we are living . In what times do we live? Do we know it or we simply let time pass by and with time our life as well without being conscious of what is going on around us; 

o   Paul says that we must wake up. Our Founder said that God as a good mother moves our cot to awaken us so that we will not be late… 

o   The reason for this invitation  is because our salvation is nearer than when we first accepted the faith. Do you believe that?   

Ø  The second invitation:

o   It is, to be honest, that we act as it is done in broad daylight so that everyone sees  

o   No excess in eating or drunkenness or debauchery. Rather, let us put on the Lord Jesus, so that his strength and grace may strengthen us in this preparation to welcome him.  

GOSPEL - Mt 24: 37-44

*      Jesus speaks to his disciples to be always prepared waiting for, and ready to welcome the Lord, who will come when we least expect. I think that this preparation must include the desire, nurtured every day until it becomes fire inside of us, the fire of love. 

*      To help them understand what he means by “the hour we least expect” he puts the example of the deluge. When it came everyone was doing their own thing, buying, selling, working… and the deluge took them by surprise.    

*      Everyone will harvest what he/she had sowed: of two people working, or sleeping, enjoying themselves one will be taken and the other left… What does the Lord want to tell us by this?

*      Let us meditate and talk with the Lord asking Him to teach the meaning of this words 

*      Finally the Lord tells us to be prepared, because if the father of the family or any one of us     knew when we were going to be robbed at home, or through the Internet, what would we do? Would we go to sleep or waste our time?  




          Day dedicated to Mary Most Holy,[4] as I was praying, all the sudden I felt Our Lord Jesus Christ so near to me as if He would hold me very close to his heart saying these words with great love: you are my daughter, and it is usual in me to humble myself on hearing the voice of my elders.  You have said enough, I know exactly what you mean. This is my pain!! How slow are my children to understand my voice!... He told me that, with great affliction.   (Diary of the Venerable Ma. Antonia París n.6)


At about this time I discovered in our house a book called El Roser, the rose-tree, which contained pictures and explanations of the mysteries of the rosary. I learned from it how to recite the rosary, litanies, and other prayers. When my teacher heard of this, he was very pleased and had me kneel by his side in church so that I could lead the rosary. When the older boys saw how this had put me in the teacher's good graces, they learned it too. From then on we alternated in leading every other week, so that all came to learn and practice this holy devotion that, after Holy Mass, is the most profitable (Autobiography of Saint Anthony May Claret n.45)



CLARET, San Antonio María. Autobiografía.

PARIS, Venerable María Antonia. Diario. 

[1] The Book of the prophet Isaiah is composed of three different books from three different authors in three different centuries, of which we only know the name of Isaiah. First Isaiah or Isaiah from Jerusalem (cc. 1-39), Deutero-Isaiah or Second Isaiah (cc. 40-55) and Trito or Third Isaiah (cc. 56-66).   

[2] Zion appears in several books of the Bible, as the city of David, in a general sense it is the whole people of Israel. It is also the name of the hill outside Jerusalem (Wikipedia)

[3] En los tiempos litúrgicos fuertes como Navidad, Pascua y en las solemnidades, las tres lecturas tienen un mismo mensaje desde distintos puntos de vista.

[4] Feast of the Nativity of Mary.