- Jesus is the prophet that Moses spoke about to the people of Israel, in the book of Deuteronomy.
- The Gospel of Mark presents to us Jesus announcing that the Kingdom of God is near, and invites the people to a change in life.
- Paul says to the Corinthians that he wants them to be without worries.
THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY
Ø The Deuteronomy is at the center of the religious history of ancient Israel.
Ø Its central core is the Law
o A law that is preached
o A deep reflection on the meaning and value of the law.
o It is an exhortation to follow the law with fidelity to the will of God, as the expression of the love of God.
Ø GENERAL STRUCTURE
o The book is presented as the words that Moses, close to his death, addresses to the people, at the threshold of the promised land (Dt. 1:1;9:1)
o The book has three speeches of Moses and an annex.
FIRST SPEACH Dt 1:1-4:43
A look to the past
The departure from Egypt and the journey through the desert
SECOND SPEACH OF MOSES
CENTRAL PART = LEGAL CODE
The entrance into the land, and some images of the exile
A look to the future
THIRD SPEACH OF MOSES Dt 28:69-30:20
o The Deuteronomy is the introduction to the “Deuteronomic History” Josuah, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel; 1 and 2 Kings.
o This book is also related to some prophetic books: Hoseah and Jeremiah.
Ø THEOLOGICAL KEY THEMES
o In the Deuteronomy we find 5 great themes: God, the people, the land, the law and the sanctuary.
One PEOPLE- Israel = THE PEOPLE OF GOD
MAIN DOGMA OF THE FAITH OF ISRAEL
ISRAEL RECEIVES FROM GOD ALL THE GOODS,
ABOVE ALL OF THEM THE LAND
THE PEOPLE NEED A LAW TO LIVE IN SOCIETY
THE ONENESS OF GOD LEADS ISRAEL TO HAVE ONLY ONE SANCTUARY
Ø THE DEUTERONOMIC LANGUAGE: History, exhortation, law
o The law is the central part. The law has its foundation in history and is taught by means of exhortations.
o The law is mixed with exhortations
o And the exhortations are mixed with history
o We find in this book several little units which make suspect that it has been written by several authors.
Ø THE AUTHOR AND THE DATE OF COMPOSITION
o Several authors, even if the book is attributed to Moses because is the book of the law; in the same way as the Wisdom books are attributed to Solomon, and the Psalms to David.
o The date is between 622 B.C. in times of King Josiah, which ordered the restoration of the Temple, and in so doing they found the Book of the Law. It seems that this book was the Deuteronomy not in the form it has now, but in its initial form; and 586 B.C. date of the destruction of Jerusalem and the beginning of the Babylonian exile.
FIRST READING Dt 18:15-20.
« God will give in the future to Israel a prophet in the likeness of Moses, who will speak to them.
« And this will be done in response to what the people asked from Moses on the Horeb-Sinai.
« They told him that they did neither want to hear anymore the voice of God, nor to see the great fire which accompanied God’s theophanies.
« This prophet will faithfully tell them the Words of God.
RESPONSORIAL PSALM Ps 95:1-2;6-7; 7-9
This psalm is an exhortation to
o Adore God
o Listen to his voice
The response will be: IF TODAY YOU HEAR HIS VOICE, HARDEN NOT YOUR HEARTS.
GOSPEL OF MARK 1:21-28
§ Jesus goes to the Synagogue on a Saturday and preaches. The people is marveled, they are in awe at the wisdom that comes from the mouth of the young Rabbi, Jesus of Nazareth.
§ Jesus begins in such a way that he awakens the enthusiasm of the people
o Among those that are in the congregation he sees a man with an unclean spirit
o The evil spirit says to Jesus that he knows who he is. Jesus orders him to be quiet.
§ In the Gospel, Mark always says that the disciples did not understand what Jesus did and said
§ But on the contrary the evil spirits knew who he was.
o Those present in the Synagogue ask themselves in admiration: what is this? A complete new doctrine, and an authority never seen before.
SECOND READING : 1 Co 7:32-35
ü Paul continues to discuss the same theme as last Sunday. He wants the Corinthians to be free of worries, why? Because everything passes away, only the love of God remains forever.
ü Paul considers that whoever is not married is free from earthly worries.
ü He does not want to put any restrictions in their lives, but he wants them to be aware that regardless of their decision to marry or remain unmarried, the love of God is above all, and it is an absolute priority.
ü We can see in this passage that Paul does not discriminate against women, since he speaks to men as well as to women.
GARCÍA LÓPEZ, Félix, “Deuteronomio”, en Comentario al Antiguo Testamento I, Casa de la Biblia Salamanca-España 1997.
LOZANO, Juan Manuel, Escritos María Antonia París, Estudio crítico, Barcelona 1985.
PÉREZ HERRERO, Francisco, “Evangelio según San Marcos” en Comentario del Nuevo Testamento, Casa de la Biblia. Salamanca-España1995.
RAVASI, Gianfranco, Según las Escrituras-Año B, San Pablo 2005.
VIÑAS, José María cmf y BERMEJO, Jesús, cmf. “Autobiografía” de San Antonio María Claret en San Antonio María Claret Autobiografia y Escritos Complementarios, edición bicentenario Buenos Aires-Argentina 2008.
I was very attentive, overwhelmed to what was happening, and it seemed to me that I was reading the Holy Law of God, but without seeing any books nor letters; I was seeing it written, and I was understanding it so very well, that it seemed to me it was imprinting in my soul but in a particular way the book of the Holy Gospels, which till then I had never read, neither the Sacred Scripture (O.T). After, by God’s grace, I have read something and I have seen it written word by word, as our Lord taught it to me from the holy tree of the cross. It seems to me that the words I understood were coming out from his host holy mouth. (María Antonia París, Foundress of the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autobiography 5).
This idea of a lost eternity that began to move me so vividly at the tender age of five and that has stayed with me ever since and that, God willing, I will never forget is the mainspring and goad of my zeal for the salvation of souls.
In time I felt a further stimulus for zeal of which I shall speak later, namely, the thought that sin not only condemns my neighbor but is an offense against God, my Father . This idea breaks my heart with pain and makes me want to run like… And I tell myself, "If a sin is infinitely malicious, then preventing a sin is preventing an infinite offense against my God, against my good Father.” (Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autiography 15-16.