o The workers who received the same salary even having worked different number of hours.
o The two sons to whom their father asked to go to work in the vineyard.
o Today it is about the vineyard itself.
Ø With these parables the Lord wants to reach the heart of the leaders of his people Israel, leaders who supposedly represent the authority of his Father on earth.
Ø With this parable the Lord wants to win again the heart of those men for whom he will give up his life on the cross.
Ø Maybe we have to apply all of this to our own life, the life of our community and to the Church.
FIRST READING Is 5:1-7
We may consider three parts in this passage:
- The song of the vineyard addressed to the inhabitants of Jerusalem
- The vineyard that his friend has planted
- Vineyard which his friend has cared for, he has surrounded it with all sorts of protections and tender love.
- And however he has not found any good fruit in it.
- The owner of the vineyard asks the inhabitants of Jerusalem
- What else could I have done for my vineyard that I have not done?
- Why does it give bitter fruits instead of grapes?
- The owner says that he knows what he will do
- He will remove its protection, the fence
- It will be trampled down by all, it will be food for animals
- It will be like a ruin
- He will not take care of it as he has done until now
- And he will say to the clouds not to rain over it.
- As a conclusion the prophet Isaiah says
- This vine is the house of Israel, the people of Judah, both his cherished plant
- He wanted to find judgment, justice and wisdom and did not find any of these
- Instead he found violence.
RESPONSORIAL PSALM Ps 80, 9,12,13-14,15-16,19-20
THE VINEYARD OF THE LORD IS THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL
A vine from Egypt you transplanted
You drove away the nations and planted it
It put forth its foliage to the Sea
Its shoots as far as the River.
Why have you broken down its walls
So that every passer-by plucks its fruit
The boar of the forest lays it waste
And the beasts of the field feed upon it?
Once again, O Lord of hosts
Look down from heaven and see
Take care of this vine
And protect what your right hand has planted
The son of man whom you yourself made strong.
Then we will no more withdraw from you
Give us new life, and we will call upon your name
O lord, God of hosts, restore us
If your face shine upon us, then we shall be saved.
In the liturgy of this 27th Sunday we read four verses of psalm 80.
In the first the psalmist speaks to God to remind him that he drove a vine out of Egypt, and how much he cared for it.
In the second one the psalmist asks God why he has changed , why he has abandoned the vine.
In the third the psalmist asks God to come and visit us, come and cure us, take care again of us.
The fourth is the promise made to God in the name of the vine, promise of conversion, of change of life.
GOSPEL Mt 21:33-43
Ø Jesus tells the leaders of his people this parable, and they understand that it is addressed to them.
Ø This parable is very much like the first reading from Isaiah.
Ø When the time comes to collect the fruits, the owner sends his servants, but the tenants mistreat them and even kill some of them.
Ø Then the owner of the vineyard sends his son, and they also kill him out of the vine, like Jesus who will be killed outside the walls of the city of Jerusalem.
Ø Jesus switches from agriculture to construction, from the vineyard to the cornerstone which the builders rejected.
Ø The stone rejected and which becomes the cornerstone
Ø I tell you that the Kingdom will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce fruits
Ø Everything that we read in the Eucharist or in the Bible is there for us, even though the authors did not know us, but the Father who inspired them knows us.
Ø This is the same message that we have been receiving for the last two weeks, salvation is given to us freely, but we need to take good care of it, because we may lose it.
SECOND READING Phil 4:6-9
Ø Paul says to his community, do not worry for anything at all
Ø Tell to God your petition, your need and then remain at peace, accept the peace of God
Ø Peace which according to Paul surpasses all understanding
Ø Then Paul invites his community, each member of it to keep on doing what is good
Ø And the peace of God will be with us.
The more we went into that immense sea of waters the more my spirit plunged into the immense sea of God , when I looked at myself within the heart of my God and Lord more clearly than in a mirror. God was so pleased in this way of considering his infinite greatness that often times He made me feel the tenderness of his most holy arms with which His holy Majesty pressed my soul within his sacred heart. This was the cause of that inalterable peace I enjoyed that the fact of not getting bored in the trip so long and so difficult. The immensity of the sea reminded me of the immensity of God and those skies so wide brought to my mind the immense spaces of the glory of the saints. The narrowness of the ship, the creaking of the woods and the continues noise of the pumps, which never stopped day and night, reminded me first, of the tightness of the poor condemned souls in the narrow prison of hell. And the creaking of woods and the continuous noise pf the pumps brought to my mind and the cries and the gnashing of teeth with the confusion of the condemned suffer. The Lord granted me the grace that none of these things made me suffer in considering heavens and hell. Blessed be God, the father of our Lord Jesus Christ who pays so abundantly the graces which he himself gives. Venerable María Antonia París, Foundress of the Claretian Missionary Sisters 159.
No one who hasn't experienced a major earthquake can have the slightest idea of what it's like. It's not just the moving or heaving of the earth and the sight of utensils and furniture sliding from one end of the room to the other. If that were all there was to it, then anyone who has sailed on rough seas has seen the like happen on a ship. But there is a great deal more to an earthquake than that.
Horses and other four-footed animals are the first to sense the quake; it's awful to see them freeze in their tracks, their legs braced like table-legs, so that all the beating and goading in the world couldn't budge them. Then all the birds --chickens, turkeys, doves, parrots, parakeets, etc.—begin cackling, shrieking, crying, thrashing about, and flailing their wings. Next there is a deep, subterranean rumbling, and everything begins to sway, and you can hear the creaking of timbers, doors, and walls and the sound of pieces falling from buildings. This is accompanied by a change in the electrical field that throws compass needles completely off.
St. Anthony Mary Claret, Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autobiography 530-31
CLARET, Antonio María Claret, Autobiografía.
PAGOLA, José A. El camino abierto por Jesús. PPC 2012
PARIS, María Antonia, Autobiografía
STOCK, Klemens. La Liturgia de la Palabra. Ciclo A (Mateo) 2007
LA BIBLIA, traducción tomada de la página web del Vaticano.
LA BIBLIA DE NUESTRO PUEBLO, Luis Alonso Schökel.
SAGRADA BIBLIA. Versión oficial de la Conferencia Episcopal Española.