Wednesday, January 30, 2013



*      Last week Jesus gave his inaugural speech at the Synagogue of Nazareth. Through his words we realized that he introduced his ministry as the Jubilee Year.  He is our Jubilee.

*      Next Sunday Jesus will say of himself that he is a prophet.  

*      As a prophet he will suffer, like every prophet, the rejection of his own people. 

«  The prophet Jeremiah lived in very painful times: wars, persecutions, and finally the deportation to Babylon.  

«  His oracles are full of suffering for the infidelities of his people to the Covenant.  

«  He suffers also for the destruction of his holy city Jerusalem. 

«  He has very harsh words against the leaders of his people, whom he makes responsible for the misfortunes they are suffering. 

«  The central theme of his theology is the Covenantal Theology, he uses images as: 
o   Prostitution to speak of idolatry of his people Israel 

o   Lovers to speak of the idols to which they offer incense and sacrifices.  

«  He has also oracles full of love and gentleness. 

«  Some chapters of the book are like an intimate diary of his relationship with God, whom he loves tenderly and passionately. But sometimes he experiences God as far, he feels abandoned and even betrayed by the God he loves.  

«  He gives his entire life to God for the service of his people whom he loves tenderly.   

FIRST READING  Jer 1:4-5, 17-19
Ø  God speaks to Jeremiah and says to him  

o   Before you were formed in the womb I knew you  

o   Before you were born I consecrated you  

o   I appointed you prophet of the nations.  

Ø  These words are able to fill anyone with enthusiasm, and to make him or her fall in love with God, but  

Ø  God continues saying to Jeremiah: And now  

o   Be on guard, prepare yourself 

o   Do not be afraid of those who oppose you, those who threaten you.  

o   Because 

§  I have made of you a fortified city  

§  A bronze pillar  

§  An iron wall  

o   Even if they fight against you, do not be afraid, because I the Lord will be with you. 

The Lord keeps saying these same words to each one of us.   


In you, O Lord, I take refuge
Let me never be put to shame
In your justice rescue me, and deliver me;
Incline your ear to me, and save me.

Be my rock of refuge
A stronghold to give me safety
For you are my rock and my fortress
O my God, recue me from the hand of the wicked.  

For you are my hope, O Lord,
My trust, O God, from my youth
On you I depend from birth
From my mother’s womb you are my strength 

My mouth shall declare your justice
Day by day your salvation
O God, you have taught me from my youth
And till the present I proclaim your wondrous deeds.  

This psalm shows hope and security in the shelter of God’s presence.

Our response will be:  I WILL SING OF YOUR SALVATION.   

GOSPEL Lk 4:21-30
ü  We take the narrative at the Synagogue of Nazareth from the place where we left it last week. 

ü  Jesus has just announced his program of action and let the people know that he has been anointed by the Spirit who sends him to proclaim good news.    

ü  The people are pleased to listen to him, but the situation is going to change very soon: is he not the son of Joseph the carpenter? He belongs to our town, he must not be so good as he looks. Maybe he is hiding something.   

ü  Jesus reminds them the saying: no prophet is accepted in his own country and 

ü  He also reminds them about two prophets:  

o   Elijah who was sent to the widow at Zarephath     

o   Elisha who healed a leper who did not belong to the people of Israel.

ü  These comparisons of Jesus made them furious   

ü  They are so angry that they try to kill him

ü  But Jesus walks away from them without harm. His hour has not come yet.  

SECOND READING  1Cor 12:31-13,13
*      Paul includes in his letter to the Community of Corinth that had so many problems, this wonderful hymn to love.   

*      This hymn is found not only in the Bible and in many of our hymns and songs, 

*      But it is also considered a Literary piece of art,  patrimony of the human race.  

*      When we want to speak about love frequently we use this hymn of Paul to the Corinthians.  Compared with love nothing has any value: 

o   To speak in tongues  

o   The gift of prophecy, the ability to explain the deepest mysteries of our faith  

o   The moving mountains  

o   To give everything, even our life to defend our faith, martyrdom. 

*      Love never dies  

*      Prophecy will be silenced, faith will be transformed into vision  

*      Paul continues and gives a wonderful description of what love really is:  

o   Love is kind, love is patient  

o   Love is neither jealous nor selfish  

o   Love rejoices always in the truth 

o   Love never rejoices in what is evil …   

*      Then he compares what happens in our childhood and adulthood.  

*      We are invited to grow up to adulthood, and abandon what is childlike, to become adults in faith.    

*      Of the three virtues which help us to enter into a relationship with God: faith, hope and charity

*      The greatest is charity=love, the other two will not be necessary when we see God face to face in eternity.    


“Now my companions are at the end of their mission, and afterwards, we will all gather and consult with the Bishop of Barcelona who will arrive now and is my close friend and we will see how the matter will be dealt with. But God our Lord who had decided in his eternal decrees  to guide the flight to the other part of the world, permitted another obstacle that in my opinion, banished some of his ideas, undoubtedly because God’s plans were very different  from those of this holy man and mine, because certainly , neither had he ever thought of the cross God had prepared him entrusting to him the government of this vast island, nor, by then, had I ever thought of crossing those seas. So, I remained in my convent as before, and he continued in his mission, for us to transfer to this new world where he wanted to start his work. Venerable María Antonia París, Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters  62.

One thing that the Lord gave me to understand is that it is important for a missionary to deny himself in taking food and drink. The Italians have a saying to the effect that no one gives credit to saints who like to eat. People would like to think of missionaries as men who are more heavenly than earthly and that we are like saints' statues that don't need to eat or drink. In this respect, our Lord has given me the very special grace of being able to get along without eating, or with eating very little. Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters. Autobiography  403.


            CLARET, Antonio María. Autobiografía.

PARIS, María Antonia. Autobiografía

RAVASI, Gianfranco. Según las Escrituras – Ciclo C. San Pablo 2006. 

SCHÖKEL , Luis Alonso, La Biblia de nuestro Pueblo.

SAGRADA BIBLIA, Versión Oficial de la Conferencia Episcopal Española

Wednesday, January 23, 2013


In the third Sunday in Ordinary time we move forward one more step in the progressive knowledge of Jesus. 

o  In the baptism in the Jordan River the Father says to Jesus that he is his beloved son.  

o  During the wedding at Cana of Galilee the abundance of water changed into wine by the word  of Jesus, and  the cooperation of Mary and the servants, is a sign of the Messianic times. According to Isaiah in the messianic times there will be an abundance of rich foods and good wines flowing from the holy Mountain.  

o  Today Jesus  tells  us that he is the fulfillment of the great jubilee of God, that he is the Messiah prophesized by Isaiah.  

«The books of Ezra and Nehemiah were a single literary work that was taken apart sometime in history.  

«It is also considered possible that these two books together with the two books of the Chronicles formed   a single work.  

«If we look at the end of Chronicles and the beginning of Ezra we will see that they are a repetition  

«The books of Ezra-Nehemiah narrate the return from the Babylonian exile. This return entailed the restoration of Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Temple. 

«These two books present the facts not in a chronological order, but in an order that responds to the importance of the event from the point of view of the message:

o  Return from exile   (Ez 1-6)

o  Memories of Ezra   (Ez 7-10)

o  Memories of Nehemiah   (Neh 1-7)

o  Renewal of the Covenant  (Neh 8-10)

o  Book of the memories of Nehemiah (Neh 11-13)

«These two books Ezra and Nehemiah were accepted into the canon of the Scriptures before the two books of the Chronicles, maybe because we may find the contents of Chronicles in the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings.  

«Israel was a nation that distinguishes itself from the other nations by its customs, laws, faith in one God who had spoken to Abraham and had made a covenant with Moses, but with Ezra and Nehemiah we have the birth of Judaism. Judaism is based on  four pillars:  

o  The Hebrew race as a sign of identity which is transmitted only from parents to children.  

o  The law as a way of life and as a manifestation of the fidelity toward God.  

o  The land which was given to them, the chosen people, by God himself.  

o  The Temple of Jerusalem as the dwelling place of the God of creation.  

FIRST READING  Neh 8:2-4a, 5-6, 8-10
Ø Ezra reads the book of the Law to all who can understand. This book of the Law is probably the Aramaic translation of the Hebrew text.     

Ø This event takes place the day before the feast of the tents which takes place at the end of summer.    

Ø This Reading of the law involves a certain solemnity: 

o  Ezra stands up  

o  He opens the book in a way visible to all.  

o  Ezra blesses God and the people respond Amen, yes we praise you our God.   

o  Once the Reading of the Law is over, the religious and civil leaders invite the people to rejoice, to celebrate eating and drinking, and not being sad. 

o  Because the joy in the Lord is their strength. 

o  Each Sunday we are invited to the feast that Jesus himself prepares for with his bread and  with  his wine, in his community, the community of faith to which we belong.  

o  This celebration is prepared for us by the Lord through our mentors in the faith, the priests of the Lord.  



*This psalm is a hymn to the Creator and to the Law.   

*The responsorial psalm is taken from the second part: the Law  

*It sings the beauty of the Law and it says “it gives rest to the soul” “rejoices the heart” “gives light to the eyes”   

GOSPEL Lk  1:1-4; 4:14-21
ü We begin with Jesus his itinerant ministry of the proclamation of the good news.  

ü The liturgy invites us, to read again the beginning of the Gospel of Luke. 

o  He says that what he is about to narrate to us comes from the tradition of the communities of the followers of the Teacher.  

o  Because he has done a thorough research of the facts he is going to narrate. 

ü Then we go to chapter 4 and we listen to Jesus.      

ü He goes to the Synagogue as he used to do, thus when Jesus returns to his town, he goes to the Synagogue on the Sabbath (Saturday) as any good Israelite.  

ü It seems that it was customary to invite those who were visiting, in the case of Jesus he is not a visitor, but he has been outside the town for a while. 

ü They give him the scroll of the Prophet Isaiah. He unrolls  the scroll and reads chapter 61,1-2   

ü He reads solemnly: the Spirit  

o  Is upon me …

o  He has sent me to heal, to console, to free…   

ü And Luke adds a quotation from the Leviticus   

o  To proclaim the year of grace…   

ü He finishes the Reading and   sits down and begins his “homily” saying:   

o  Today this scripture passage is fulfilled in your hearing.  

ü Let us see what is he trying to tell them:  

o  The first part of the Reading is from the book of Isaiah 

§  It announces the mission of the Messiah, of the one who is to come, the one who will have the fullness of the Spirit upon him. 

§  His mission will be to restore everything that is not whole, to do good to everyone according to his or her needs:  

§  To bring good news to the poor, that really  need to hear a good word. 

§  To proclaim freedom to those who do not have it. How great is the lack of freedom  that we have!  He will give back to us the freedom that God meant us to have.

§  To restore the sight to the blind. In how many different ways we are blind!  

§  To free the oppressed, does anything or anybody oppress us? what does oppress our brothers and sisters? 

§  And this is what we call the year of grace, the Jubilee Year explained in Leviticus 25:8  

§  It is the Jubilee year, the year of grace because it is the year of the great pardon. 

ü This is the way in which Jesus begins his ministry according to the Gospel of Luke proclaiming in some way that he is the Messiah and that he is also 0ur  Jubilee.

ü John Paul II in the document “Towards the Third Millennium” says  that Jesus in the Synagogue of Nazareth describes his ministry as the accomplishment of the Jubilee Year.   

 SECOND READING   1Cor 12:12-14, 27
*We continue reading the First letter of Paul to the Corinthians.  

*Today Paul explains to his community what does it means  to be a Church. 

*Last week he said to us that there is one Spirit who distributes his gifts among us for the service to the community.  

*Today he teaches us how to be a Church using a comparison with the human body.  

*Paul did not know the biology that we know now, but he has left to us a wonderful description 

*The body has many parts, this is so obvious that it does not need any explanation   

o  And these parts have to work together and not separated from each other, or against each other. Because when this happens we are sick.  

*And from this conversation on the body of Christ Paul speaks about Christ 

o  Because we have all been baptized in the same Spirit  

o  We have received the same baptism through which we have become part of the Church. In this community of faith there is no distinction between  race, sex, social status… We are all equal through our baptism. 

o  The consequence is very obvious, as the body,, although it has many parts is one, in the same way those who have been baptized, even being many, are only one body. 

o  Each one of us needs to feel part of the body of Christ, the Church.


One night while praying and in bitter tears, pleading to our Lord that by the merits of His Passion and death to have mercy on the necessities of His church which at that time were many, our Lord told me and pointing at Mgr. Claret as if I saw him between our Lord and me.” This, my daughter, is the apostolic person whom you have asked me for so many years and with so much tears”.
His Divine Majesty showed me the grace He poured on that holy soul for the preaching of the gospel, and our Lord told me that there was no other remedy for the peace of the church. I did not know that person. Only a few days before I heard that a   certain chaplain by the name of Monsen Claret began preaching with much zeal about the honor due to God and the salvation of souls. It seems to me that have been at least eleven or twelve years ago. . María Antonia París, Foundress of the Claretian Missionary Sisters. Autobiography 19

   Ever since I lost the desire to become a Carthusian--which God had used to uproot me from worldliness--I not only thought about becoming holy myself, but I was continuously trying to imagine what I could do to save the souls of my neighbors. Hence I prayed continuously to Jesus and Mary, offering myself to them for this purpose. The lives of the saints, which we read daily at table, and my own spiritual reading all contributed to this. But what moved and stimulated me most was reading the Holy Bible, to which I have always been very strongly attracted (Is. 61, 1).  Saint Anthony Mary  Claret. Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters. Autobiography  113.
      CLARET, Antonio María. Autobiografía.

PARIS, María Antonia. Autobiografía

MUÑOZ, HORTENSIA y TUTZÓ, REGINA. París y Claret: dos plumas movidas por el mismo Espiritu. Llamados a renovar la iglesia. Misioneras Claretianas 2010.     

SCHÖKEL , Luis Alonso, La Biblia de nuestro Pueblo.

SAGRADA BIBLIA, Versión Oficial de la Conferencia Episcopal Española