Wednesday, February 13, 2019


SIXTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME – CYCLE C – 2019 

INTRODUCTION.

v Last Sunday we meditated on the vocation of the first disciples who the Lord called to make them fishers of men and women.   

v Today the Lord teaches us where to find the true happiness.  

FIRST READING : Jer 17:5-8

ü  We find this theme in the prophet Jeremiah. He says: 

o   Cursed he who puts his/her trust in human beings. I do not think the prophet invites us to mistrust everyone.   

o   I think that what he is saying is that all of us need to put our trust in the God, who manifests himself through the other human beings that live together with us on our planet. 

o   Using images taken from nature, Jeremiah describes for us the person that departs from God. 

§  a barren bush in the desert

§  that enjoys no change of season,

§  but stands in a lava waste,

§  a salt and empty earth.   

On the contrary the person who trusts in God:   

§  Blessed is the one who trusts in the LORD,

§  He is like a tree planted beside the waters

§  that stretches out its roots to the stream:

§  it fears not the heat when it comes;

§  in the year of drought it shows no distress,

§  but still bears fruit.   

ü  We may apply what Jeremiah says about the tree to our own life.   

RESPONSORIAL PSALM  – Ps 39 

R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
Blessed the man who follows not
the counsel of the wicked,
nor walks in the way of sinners,
nor sits in the company of the insolent,
but delights in the law of the LORD
and meditates on his law day and night.
R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
He is like a tree
planted near running water,
that yields its fruit in due season,
and whose leaves never fade.
Whatever he does, prospers.
R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
Not so the wicked, not so;

they are like chaff which the wind drives away.
For the LORD watches over the way of the just,
but the way of the wicked vanishes.
R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.

v This psalm has the same theme as the first reading.

v It explains a little bit more, what it means to be “blessed.”  

GOSPEL  LK 6:17.20-26

Ø  In this same Gospel in Matthew, Jesus goes up to the mountain to speak with them of the beatitudes. To go up requires an effort, entails a difficulty.  

Ø  Luke says that He went down the mountain with the “12”. If they go down it means that they had gone up before. 

Ø  Luke tells us that they stood on a stretch of level ground. Could that mean that the beatitudes are for everyone, not only for very special persons? For the wise and those who are not wise, for the simple, the sinners, the good people, those nobody knows and those the newspapers speak about, those who are happy and those who are not…      

Ø  Who are the happy, the blessed?  

o   The Poor, what poor?  

§  Those that do not have food, clothing, house…? According to what we read in the Scriptures, in the Old and in the New Testament, we are called to work to eliminate these situations that produce poverty. Than Jesus is not speaking about this.  Probably he  is speaking about the “anawin” the poor, those who trust their lives in the hands of God. 

o   Those who are now hungry, hungry of what?  If we look at the beatitudes in Matthew we see that they are hungry and thirsty for justice.    Happy and blessed those who are hungry and thirsty for justice, goodness, mercy, respect for the dignity of every human being. Happy because if that fight seems wasted on this earth, God will satisfy their hunger and thirst for all eternity. Than they will see that, their efforts neither were in vain, nor wasted.   

o   Those who weep,  why do they weep?   Probably they weep for all the things that do not go well in this world, for what is sin, for what goes against the human dignity. Luke says that they will laugh. They will be happy  because they will see that what they always wanted and for what they suffered has become a reality, they did not suffer in vain, because God the Father never left them alone even when they felt lonely and abandoned, God was always there.  

o   And the fourth beatitude is very interesting; we do not speak too much about it, and much less we think about it:  

§  Happy when they insult you, exclude you and denounce you because of the Son of man-Jesus.  

§  Why do they insult us? Because we seek the good of our brothers and sisters, and Jesus has said to us that when we do good to one of our brothers or sisters we do it to him. v

§  Luke says not only “happy are they” he adds “jump for joy on that day.” What day? The day we are insulted, persecuted…  

§  Because your recopense will be great in heaven. I think that the recompense begins during our life time on earth. We are happy when we allow the Lord to make us able to answer with love...  

Ø  Luke speaks to us also of what is the contrary of the blessings.  

SECOND READING  1Cor 15:12.6-20
Ø  Paul continues to speak to his community of Corinth, and the Church does the same to the community of believers.   

Ø  How is it possible that we doubt o we do not believe in the resurrection of Jesus, and we even dare to say it to our brothers and sisters?  

o   If Jesus is not risen, nobody will be.  

o   And if we only believe in Jesus during our life time on earth, because we do not believe that there is anything else after death, 

o   Than as Paul says if for this life only we have hoped in Christ,
we are the most pitiable people of all.

Ø  But Jesus is truly risen as first fruits of those who sleep, that is the dead.  

Ø 
  
 
If he is risen, we will also, because he is our head and we are his body.            

 CLARETIAN CORNER

 In this petition which, later I understood, was very much to the liking of His Divine Majesty, because it was done with much simplicity and good will, our Lord has deigned to teach me with much pleasure how He would like to be served by this ungrateful creature, it was in this how He set before my eyes the observance of His most Holy Law and evangelical counsels, and told me to observe them with much perfection; he told me with intense sorrow that He had no body in Hid house to observe  them, for the great extend that all the religious orders had gone lax in the observance of His most Holy Law and because of this He permitted with grief, their destruction. Venerable María Antonia París, Foundress of the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autobiography 3.     

I was christened Anthony Adjutor John. My mother's brother, Anthony Clara, was my godfather, and he wanted me to be named after him. My father's sister, Mary Claret, was my godmother. She was married to Adjutor Canudas, so they gave me her husband's Christian name. My third name, John, was my father's name. Later, out of devotion to Mary Most Holy, I added the sweet name of Mary, my mother, my patroness, my mistress, my directress and my all, after Jesus. Thus my name is Anthony Mary Adjutor John Claret y Clara. St. Anthony Mary Claret, Founder if the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autobiography 5

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CLARET, Saint Anthony Mary, Autobiography.

PARIS, Venerable María Antonia,  Autobiography.

Thursday, February 7, 2019


FIFTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME – CYCLE C – 2019 

INTRODUCTION

*      Luke has presented several different ways to look at Jesus in order to discover who he is. 

*      Today Jesus calls his first disciples, collaborators in the mission he has come to accomplish among us.    

*      The call will help Peter to acknowledge his indignity, his sin, and at the same time to learn that our sins do not make the Lord depart from us, on the contrary he comes closer to us to save us, to give his life so that we may have life.    

*      Today the liturgy of the Church invites us to reflect on our own vocation, looking at the vocation of the first followers.   



   FIRST READING  Is 6:1-2a, 3-8

Ø  Isaiah tells us about the vision he had of the Majesty of God.  

Ø  He tells us that the vision happened in the year of the death of King Uzziah around the year 740 or 739 BC.   

Ø  In the second book of Kings and in the 2 book of Chronicles this King is also called Azariah   (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Chronicles 26)

o   Isaiah sees God seating on a high throne. Isaiah was an official at the court of the King, it seems very normal that when God wants to reveal himself to him he uses images, which Isaiah will understand. God is seen as a Monarch, a King. 

o   The description of the celestial liturgy performed by the Seraphims reminds us of the liturgy or worship in the Temple of Jerusalem, the smoke of the incense.

o   Over the throne Isaiah sees some winged celestial creatures, he calls them seraphim, which reminds of the word “serap” which means “to burn.” 

o   They cry out to each other “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Hosts! His glory fills the earth!   

o   The voices are so loud that the place is shaken. 

o   This is an awesome vision in which God is seen as a King of an extraordinary majesty, surrounded by those creatures which are on fire. 

o   In the presence of God the human being experiences his or her indignity, his or her sin and becomes conscious of his or her sinfulness. 

o   Thus Isaiah acknowledges that his lips are impure, and also those of his people. 

o   Fear invades Isaiah, since it was a common belief, that whoever sees God dies. 

o   God does not abandon his sinful people, on the contrary through the incarnation; God comes to live among us.

o   To purify the lips of Isaiah God sends a Seraphim with a burning coal to touch his lips.   

o   God who always calls us to entrust a mission to us, seems to speak to himself saying: whom shall I sent? Who will go in our name?   

o   Isaiah who is burning in divine love responds with enthusiasm “Here I am, send me!” 

Ø  This is how Isaiah tells us his vocation, his call to be a prophet.   

Ø  His mission will be difficult, since he will speak but they will not listen to him, they will not understand because they are afraid that if they understand they will have to change their lives, they will have to allow God to convert them. 

Ø  This vision of the Majesty of God will help Isaiah all his life long to see the injustices committed against the poor, the least of society as an idolatry, a worship of an alien god, the god of selfishness, of money, of power. Injustice will become an offense against God, before being an offense against another human being.   



RESPONSORIAL PSALM   – Ps 138 

IN THE SIGHT OF THE ANGELS I WILL SING YOUR PRAISES, LORD

I will give thanks to you, O Lord, with all my heart  

For you have heard the words of my mouth

In the presence of the angels I will sing your praise  

I will worship at your holy temple

And give thanks to your name

IN THE SIGHT OF THE ANGELS I WILL SING YOUR PRAISES, LORD  

Because of your kindness and your truth   

For you have made great above all things

Your name and your promise

When I called, you answered me

You built up strength within me

IN THE SIGHT OF THE ANGELS I WILL SING YOUR PRAISES, LORD  

All the kings of the earth shall give thanks to you O Lord

When they hear the words of your mouth

And they shall sing of the ways of the Lord

“Great is the glory of the Lord.”

IN THE SIGHT OF THE ANGELS I WILL SING YOUR PRAISES, LORD  

Your right hand saves me.

The Lord will complete what he has done for me

Your kindness, O Lord, endures forever

Forsake not the work of your hands.

IN THE SIGHT OF THE ANGELS I WILL SING YOUR PRAISES, LORD  



It is a psalm of thanksgiving recited by the people and by the kings as well, all are called  to praise God.   



GOSPEL  Lk 5:1-11

ü  Jesus is preaching, people are around him pressing him because they want to listen to the fascinating words of the young teacher, Jesus the son of Joseph of Nazareth.  

ü  He gets into one of the boats, the boat of Peter, to be able to speak from the boat. Peter and his companions are mending their nets. 

ü  From the boat, he speaks and speaks, and all are pleased listening to him.  

ü  When he finishes teaching the people, he asks Peter to throw their nets to catch fish. 

ü  The fishermen know that you do not fish at noon when there is so much light, and especially if they could not catch any fish during the right time at night.  

ü  Peter who has been a fisherman for many years knows that, but on the word of Jesus he throws the nets, and they catch a large number of fish. 

ü  Peter, like Isaiah acknowledges his sinfulness, his unworthiness in the presence of the God three times holy. He starts discovering that Jesus is more than what her sees in him.   

ü  Depart from me Lord, for I am a sinful man. 

ü  Isaiah was purified with a burning coal that a seraphim took from the incense. Peter will hear the words of Jesus telling him, “Fear not! You will be fisher of men.”    

ü  As a consequence of the vision Isaiah is sent to prophesize to his people. From the encounter of Peter with Jesus, Peter becomes fisher of men. Both Isaiah and Peter are called to proclaim among their sisters and brothers the wonderful works of our amazing God, to discover his presence among us.  

ü  Isaiah says, “Here I am.” Peter and his companions leave their nets and everything else and follow Jesus. 

In this encounter of Jesus with the fishermen from Galilee there is no fire, no seraphim, no smoke, nothing extraordinary, everything happens very quietly, peacefully. This is because God has decided to become incarnate and to live among us.  



SECOND READING  1Cor 15:1-11

*      Paul reminds his community of Corinth the gospel he has preached to them. A gospel which Paul in turn received from the community of the believers, thus Paul is handing over the tradition of the young church. 

*      What he has handed over to them is   

o   That Christ died for our sins   

o   That he was buried  and     

o   That he was raised on the third day. All of this happened in accordance with the Scriptures.   

o   That he appeared to Cephas (Peter), to the twelve and to more than five hundred brothers and sisters.    

*      Finally the risen and glorified Lord appeared to Paul,    

*      He considers himself the least of the apostles, because he persecuted the church. 

*      But he says that he has worked harder than anyone of them 

*      Although he rectifies and says, that it is the grace of God that has done the work in him. 

*      Paul says that faith has to follow the preaching, the listening to the word of God. 





 CLARETIAN CORNER  

Year 1842, one night while I was at prayer pleading to Christ crucified to remedy the necessities of the church, which in that time were many, that had cost him so much, I offered him my life in sacrifice as I have done before many times, well aware that my life was not of much value to sacrifice for so many evils, but as I had no virtues to offer him, I begged him to deign to teach me what should I do in order to give him pleasure and glory accomplishing his most holy will.  Venerable María Antonia París, Foundress of the Claretian Missionary Sisters, Autobiography 2.

         I was born in the village of Sallent, deanery of Manresa, diocese of Vich, province of Barcelona. My parents, whose names were John Claret and Josephine Clara  were married, upright, and God-fearing people, very devoted to the Blessed Sacrament and Mary Most Holy.  I was baptized in St. Mary's Parish, Sallent, on December 25, Christmas Day, 1807, although the parish books say 1808. The reason for this is that they counted the year as beginning on December 25, and so it is that mine is the first entry in the books for the year 1808.  St. Anthony Mary Claret, Founder of the Claretian Missionary Sisters. Autobiography 3-4.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
CLARET, Antonio María. Autobiography.
PARIS, María Antonia. Autobiography.
RAVASI, Gianfranco. Según las Escrituras – Ciclo C. San Pablo 2006. 
SCHÖKEL , Luis Alonso, La Biblia de nuestro Pueblo.
SWEENEY, Marvin A. The Prophetic Literature.
SAGRADA BIBLIA, Versión Oficial de la Conferencia Episcopal Española
 







Monday, January 28, 2019


FOURTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME  – CYCLE C - 2019
INTRODUCTION
*      Last week Jesus gave his inaugural speech at the Synagogue of Nazareth. Through his words we realized that he introduced his ministry as the Jubilee Year.  He is our Jubilee.
*      Next Sunday Jesus will say of himself that he is a prophet.  
*      As a prophet, he will suffer, like every prophet, the rejection of his own people. 

JEREMIAH
«  The prophet Jeremiah lived in very painful times: wars, persecutions, deportation to Egypt and finally the deportation to Babylon.  
«  His oracles are full of suffering for the infidelities of his people to the Covenant.  
«  He suffers also for the destruction of his holy city Jerusalem. 
«  He has very harsh words against the leaders of his people, whom he makes responsible for the misfortunes they are suffering. 
«  The central theme of his theology is the Covenantal Theology, he uses images as: 
o   Prostitution to speak of idolatry of his people Israel 
o   When speaking of idols he calls them lovers,   to which some people offer incense and sacrifices.  
«  He has also oracles full of love and gentleness. 
«  Some chapters of the book are like an intimate diary of his relationship with God, whom he loves tenderly and passionately. However, sometimes he experiences God as far, he feels abandoned and even betrayed by the God he loves. 
«  He gives his entire life to God for the service of his people whom he loves tenderly. 

FIRST READING  Jer 1:4-5, 17-19
Ø  God speaks to Jeremiah and says to him  
o   Before you were formed in the womb I knew you  
o   Before you were born I consecrated you  
o   I appointed you prophet of the nations.  
Ø  These words are able to fill anyone with enthusiasm, and to make him or her fall in love with God, but  
Ø  God continues saying to Jeremiah: And now  
o   Be on guard, prepare yourself 
o   Do not be afraid of those who oppose you, those who threaten you.  
o   Because 
§  I have made of you a fortified city  
§  A bronze pillar  
§  An iron wall  
o   Even if they fight against you, do not be afraid, because I, the Lord, will be with you. 
The Lord keeps saying these same words to each one of us.  

Responsorial Psalm Ps 71:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 15-17
R.  I will sing of your salvation.
In you, O LORD, I take refuge;
let me never be put to shame.
In your justice rescue me, and deliver me;
incline your ear to me, and save me.
R.  I will sing of your salvation.
Be my rock of refuge,
a stronghold to give me safety,
 for you are my rock and my fortress.
O my God, rescue me from the hand of the wicked.
R.  I will sing of your salvation
For you are my hope, O Lord;
my trust, O God, from my youth.
On you I depend from birth;
from my mother's womb you are my strength.
R.  I will sing of your salvation.
My mouth shall declare your justice,
day by day your salvation.
O God, you have taught me from my youth,
and till the present I proclaim your wondrous deeds.
R.  I will sing of your salvation

This psalm shows hope and security in the shelter of God’s presence.

GOSPEL Lk 4:21-30
ü  We take the narrative at the Synagogue of Nazareth from the place where we left it last week. 
ü  Jesus has just announced his program of action and let the people know that the Spirit who sends him to proclaim good news has anointed him.    
ü  The people are pleased to listen to him, but the situation is going to change very soon: Is he not the son of Joseph the carpenter? He belongs to our town; he must not be as good as he looks. Maybe he is hiding something.   
ü  Jesus reminds them the saying: no prophet is accepted in his own country and 
ü  He also reminds them about two prophets:  
o   Elijah who was sent to the widow at Zarephath     
o   Elisha who healed a leper who did not belong to the people of Israel.
ü  These comparisons of Jesus made them furious   
ü  They are so angry that they try to kill him
ü  But Jesus walks away from them without harm. His hour has not come yet.  

SECOND READING  1Cor 12:31-13,13
*      Paul includes in his letter to the Community of Corinth this wonderful hymn to love.   
*      This hymn is found not only in the Bible and in many of our hymns and songs, 
*      But it is also considered a Literary piece of art, patrimony of the human race.  
*      When we want to speak about love frequently, we use this hymn of Paul to the Corinthians.  Compared with love nothing has any value: 
o   To speak in tongues  
o   The gift of prophecy, the ability to explain the deepest mysteries of our faith  
o   Moving mountains  
o   Giving everything, even our life, to defend our faith, martyrdom. 
*      Love never dies 
*      Prophecy will be silenced, faith will be transformed into vision  
*      Paul continues and gives a wonderful description of what love really is:  
o   Love is kind, love is patient  
o   Love is neither jealous nor selfish  
o   Love rejoices always in the truth 
o   Love never rejoices in what is evil …   
*      Then he compares what happens in our childhood and adulthood.  
*      We are invited to grow up to adulthood, and abandon what is childlike, to become adults in faith.    
*      Of the three virtues which help us to enter into a relationship with God: faith, hope and charity
*      The greatest is charity=love, the other two will not be necessary when we see God face to face in eternity.    

CLARETIAN CORNER
“Now my companions are at the end of their mission, and afterwards, we will all gather and consult with the Bishop of Barcelona who will arrive now and is my close friend and we will see how the matter will be dealt with. But God our Lord who had decided in his eternal decrees  to guide the flight to the other part of the world, permitted another obstacle that in my opinion, banished some of his ideas, undoubtedly because God’s plans were very different  from those of this holy man and mine, because certainly , neither had he ever thought of the cross God had prepared him entrusting to him the government of this vast island, nor, by then, had I ever thought of crossing those seas. So, I remained in my convent as before, and he continued in his mission, for us to transfer to this new world where he wanted to start his work. Venerable María Antonia París, Foundress, Autobiography 62.
One thing that the Lord gave me to understand is that it is important for a missionary to deny himself in taking food and drink. The Italians have a saying to the effect that no one gives credit to saints who like to eat. People would like to think of missionaries as men who are more heavenly than earthly and that we are like saints' statues that don't need to eat or drink. In this respect, our Lord has given me the very special grace of being able to get along without eating, or with eating very little. Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Founder. Autobiography  403.
BIBLIOGRAFÍA                                                                            


CLARET, Antonio María. Autobiography.

PARIS, María Antonia. Autobiography.

SAGRADA BIBLIA, Confer. Episc. española

RAVASI, Gianfranco. Según las Escrituras – Ciclo C. San Pablo 2006. 

SCHÖKEL , Luis Alonso, La Biblia de nuestro Pueblo.